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Anemone Rust


Anemone Rust

Usually appear in

mid-summer onwards.

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Caused By:-     The Fungus Tranzschelia pruni-spinosa


The top of leaves become discoloured by yellow-orange spots found in mid-summer onwards. The underside of the leaf is covered with numerous brown/black markings. In extreme cases the whole plant will be affected and the leaves fall early. The fungus is encouraged by damp weather and spreads throughout the leaf producing small spore producing black pustules on the undersides of the leaves. The same fungus affects both plum and anemones, it may be that the fungus overwinters on fallen leaves, which then infect plums and Anemones in spring. I do not believe this as I do not grow anemones near my plum tree and the plum tree still gets infected. Picture from Wikimedia Commons.
See also these other rusts Antirrhinum, Bean, Bluebelle, Broad Bean, Cedar Quince, Chrysanthemum White, Fucshia, Gladiolus, Gooseberry, Hollyhock, Juniper Pear, Mahonia, Mint, Pear Juniper, Pelargonium, Periwinkle, Plum, Potato Internal, Quince, Rhododendron, Rose, Rust, White.


This disease is common and widespread. Consistent attacks may weaken the bulb. Remove and burn fallen leaves. Remove any affected anemones. Try not to grow anemones near plums. Spraying with fungicide reduces the attack, but because the diseases is so widespread it will be re-infected if spraying is not continued on a regular basis. In the European Community the products permitted under organic regimes have little effect rusts. Fungicides containing myclobutanil (Bayer Garden Systhane Fungus Fighter and other formulations), penconazole (Westland Fungus Attack) and triticonazole (Scotts Fungus Clear Ultra) can be used to control rust, but care should be excercised when using these fungicides.
The fungus is encouraged by high humidity with a lack of air circulation. In greenhouses it is best to keep air circulation high and conditions on the drier side.
It overwinters on old plant materials so these should be burnt.
As with any fungal disease one of the best ways of preventing it is by good hygiene. Remove and burn all dead leaves in autumn to prevent the spores from over wintering. If the leaves is from an infected plant burn them.
Water the compost of susceptible plants directly trying not to wet the foliage as the rust needs a period of leaf wetness to germinate and infect.
Watering the soil in the dormant season with Jays fluid or Amarillotox should also help. In some Countries these products are not licensed for this use.
Maintain an open structure to allow good air circulation through the plant and ensure greenhouses are always well ventilated. Often there are resistant varieties of the plant you wish to grow.
Avoid over application of nitrogen, which produces soft growth which is more susceptible and ensure adequate potassium fertiliser.

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